Sailing


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SAILING
 Welcome to our sailing pages. Here we will examine the available English language literature on sailing, the art, the science, the experience, and a great deal more. Sailing is also the act of operating a unique vessel propulsion system. Let's look at this system in its cosmic perspective. AMERICAN ADMIRALTY BOOKS PRIVACY POLICIES NOTICE

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OK, ENOUGH OF THE VARIOUS NANNY STATE NOTICES:

But first just lets LOOK at it. Click here:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BfGruT5NUw4 run the video up to "big screen", crank up the sound and relax and know why you like sailing.                               
Sailboat   
                                       
  

                                                        


DAILY SAILING NEWS:

The sail, especially the "high aspect ratio" modern sail funnels air pressure from the wind into the "Luff". When the sail is "filled" the "luff" which occupies the sail space along the mast takes on a concave shape from relatively high air pressure. This force exists along the length of the sail adjacent to the mast. Now we all know that air tries to move from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. The high-pressure air being trapped along the luff still strains to move to the lower pressure area behind the sail. This generates DRIVE propelling the boat forward through the water. You can attach the sail to a boat, an ice boat, a sand buggy, but the effect is basically the same.  The sail, basically an air foil held in the vertical position, generates DRIVE. Now connect the dots: An airfoil deployed in the horizontal mode is called a WING. Generate higher air pressure under the wing and the same force that generates drive in the vertical plane now generates LIFT.

 The Aztecs and the Mayans had great civilizations but never had the wheel. They also didn't have the air foil so their civilizations never crossed the seas. The break out of the Western European nations into global explorers, colonizers, and traders was made possible by their possession of the sail combined with their skill in using it and navigating upon the sea. More than firearms, more than steel swords, possession and mastery of the air foil in the form of the triangular, especially high aspect ratio, sail determined the shape of the global village. The native Americans of both the Atlantic coasts of the continents and the Caribbean were prophetic in their description of the sailing ships of the Spanish, English, French, and Portuguese. Where ever their reactions were recorded they universally saw the ships as "great birds." It was as if the Native Americans could foresee the future horizontal deployment of the air foil, as though they understood the close relationship and nearly identical nature of "lift" and "drive." 


 Then in 1903 two American brothers named Wright applied a light weight motor to the front of a light weight frame supporting two air foils in the horizontal position. The motor drove a propeller which sent higher pressure air under the airfoils creating lift, and heavier than air flight was borne. From the Wright brothers flight to landing on the moon took only 66 years. It was the conquering of the sky that made us believe we could conquer space which we are now in the process of doing. And so I submit to you, that the airfoil, both sail and wing was the single most significant invention of man kind, after writing which allowed him to share information between generations which was necessary in both the development of marine navigation and aviation. The sail conquered the globe and shrank the world and then the wing shrank it even more.

 The mechanical propulsion of ships and boats has been around a long time, but sail has not disappeared. Not only is sail popular among recreational boatmen and yachtsmen, it also features prominently in the training of modern Naval Officers, Coast Guard Officers, and many Merchant Marine Officers. Sailing teaches the professional ship handler to have an intuitive feel for the forces of wind and water on a hull. When maneuvering slowly through a confined waterway or harbor close aboard wharves and other vessels large motor propelled vessels don't answer their helm as well as they do at higher speed with more water passing the rudder. Yet confined maneuvering space requires slow speed putting the hull more at the mercy of wind and current. The sail trained mariner is the professional more likely to know how to work with these forces of nature.  

 And so, we will examine the World's literature on sailing, the how and the why, and joy, and the adventure and the countless stories here in these pages. At first our coverage will be a bit eclectic and chaotic. The reviewer is a licensed Master of Sail and will start with books he has already read. Any order while under these early stages of construction will not be obvious, but order will come. We invite the public to join our marine professional "Sidewalk Superintendents" in watching us construct the sailing pages.

                                                 AMAZON SAILING BOOKS

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SAFETY BOAT PROCEDURES 


For Sailing Regattas


: A MUST READ FOR RACE COMMITTEE MEMBERS: http://www.sailingscuttlebutt.com/2015/03/09/safety-boat-procedures-sailing-regattas/

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RECENT CHANGES TO UK RECREATIONAL SAILING REGULATIONS

http://clubyachting.com/sailing-courses-tenerife/changes-to-safety-equipment-required-on-private-vessels-less-than-13-7m/


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A HELPFUL FREE VIDEO FROM THE RECREATIONAL BOATING INDUSTRY FOR THOSE NEW TO BOATING EITHER POWER OR SAIL:
http://www.discoverboating.com/beginner/default.aspx


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STAY SAFE OUT THERE, CHECK IN OFTEN AT THIS BOATING AND WATER SAFETY BLOG: MArio Vittone's Be Safe: http://mariovittone.com/

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A LINK TO A BROAD BASED SAILING FORUM: http://sailwiki.com/

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Start Sailing Right: The National Standard for Quality Sailing Instructions 

(US Sailing Small Boat Certificate Program)
112 pages and about $12 the last time we checked (January 2012).
American Admiralty Books: Recommended

 First the bad news, you can't learn to sail from a book. Now the good news, when you buy sailing instructions from a reputable sailing school your instruction will follow some standardized norms. We suggest sticking with standard US SAILING type certificate courses and taking more than just the basic sailing course. By owning the certificates, you open up the world of charter sailing. For usually less than the cost of an expensive hotel room you will be able to sail yachts for a day or a week that you might never be able to own. You will be able to try out vessels that you might want to own. You will be able to add a sailing portion to any seaside vacation without having to trailer your boat, and the schools, while not cheap are fun. 

 Whether you own a motor boat or a sail boat some states now require people born after 1970 to prove completion of a standard course meeting the national state boating law administrator's course. Even if your state doesn't require it, we suggest starting any recreational boating hobby with some formal training. The above book is the basic standard for beginner sail training. We have provided an Amazon link to the book and below you will find some hyperlinks to various sailing schools. American Admiralty Books doesn't recommend sailing schools but we strongly suggest that new sailors attend one they carefully choose and consider some of the advanced courses after completing basic sailing. If you stay in sailing many years you may earn back some of  the cost of the first basic school in insurance savings.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LEARNING TO SAIL TALL SHIPS AND SAIL TRAINING AS ENTRY TRAINING IN MERCHANT MARINES, NAVIES, AND COAST GUARDS, TALL SHIPS FOR TOURISM, AND PUBLIC RELATIONS, TALL SHIP YACHTS (VIDEOS) :

Photo USCG
The Great Ships The Windjammers Documentary

Mega Ship The World's largest sailing vessel

BLUENOSE II Canadian Schooner Documentary

Classic Sailing Yacht ELENA

On The Wings of Eagle 1

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Robot Sailboats Scour the Oceans for Data

LINK TO NOAA POSTPhoto NOAA

NOAA and others are now using remotely controlled and autonomous drone sailing vessels to study a variety of ocean phenomena. These unmanned "drone" sailing vessels have virtually unlimited on scene endurance. They also have the ability to move between study cites; and compared to even very small manned research vessels are relatively inexpensive.  Moreover, when unmanned, with the weather deck sealed over, size is no longer a decisive factor in seaworthiness. Like a fisherman's float or "cork" small drone sailing vessels when properly ballasted can withstand even hurricane sea forces.  LINK TO NOAA POST

 We present here a number of links to recent web posts on the use of such drone sailing vessels in oceanographic research. We feel the subject is worth following because these sailing drones should provide a lot of low cost utility in a variety of other missions. Naval intelligence comes to mind. Given coatings with radar absorbing qualities, with their tiny size, and camouflage paint schemes these things may be even more stealthy than submarines for near coastal intelligence gathering and surveillance missions. Remotely controlled from larger manned naval combatants at "stand off" range they could even be armed to play a role in clearing a contested littoral area of small combatant craft. For law enforcement surveillance in remote and freezing places such as the High Arctic these tiny unmanned vessels can sail the smallest open leads. Should one become frozen in it might be easily retrievable by helicopter if available, left frozen in for later retrieval if it survives crushing in the ice flow,  or after all data is remotely down loaded, simply abandoned as the most cost effective solution. Unmanned and small in size means low cost. The more uses found for these things the more cost effective production lines become. Check out the links to other posts below. We will duplicate this post in our Naval Interest and Sailing Sections shortly. This evolving technology should be of interest to both our naval professional visitors and sailing enthusiasts.  If such sailing drones are ever more widely adopted there will be a need for operators and programmers who understand small craft sailing. Who would have ever thought that sailing would be a prerequisite skill for a high tech drone operator in the 21st century:

Saildrones Monitor The Bering Sea

"On April 22, 2015 two autonomous surface vehicles equipped with meteorological and oceanographic sensors will be released for the first time in the Bering Sea by NOAA’s Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory" READ THE POST:  


2016-09-06_17-09-07

ROBOT SAILBOATS SCOUR THE OCEANS FOR DATA:
"At least 20 companies are chasing the possibly quixotic dream of a self-driving car in Silicon Valley. But self-sailing boats are already a real business" READ POST 

OTHER LINKS:
http://saildrone.com/

NEW YORK TIMES ARTICLE

The Drone That Will Sail Itself Around the World


Back up URLs

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/05/technology/no-sailors-needed-robot-sailboats-scour-the-oceans-for-data.html?_r=0

http://www.sailingscuttlebutt.com/2016/09/29/robot-sailboats-scour-oceans-data/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/arctic/news-story/saildrones-monitor-bering-sea

https://www.wired.com/2014/02/saildrone/

http://www.microtransat.org/

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Great American Schooner Yachts

NEW AND HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

             GREAT AMERICAN SCHOONER YACHTS 

by Rudolph Arp

ISBN 10 0764340891

ISBN 13 978-076434085

Hardcover 240 pages.

AMERICAN ADMIRALTY BOOKS: RECOMMENDED

 This isn't your your basic coffee table book of images of beautiful sailing vessels. Rudolph Arp is a sailor, scholar, and artist and while the book would grace the coffee table of any sailors home, the illustrations are that artistic, this is a serious work on a specific group of unique vessels.  We are also posting this book announcement in our boat building section because of its serious scholarly content about the history, uses, construction and  design of these yachts. The "illustrations" include not only beautiful images of the yachts under sail but also portions of many yacht's plans and drawings. This is probably the best looking reference work for boat wrights, yacht designers, and nautical historians assembled in at least the last half century. As usual we've included the ISBN numbers so you can clearly identify the book, believe me you do not want to accept any substitutes, but don't just borrow this at some library. Get one, keep it, display it, try not to drool over some of the images.
The work has only been out a short while and if you check around the Washington DC and Annapolis area you may still be able to pick one up at a book signing between now (October 2012) and Spring 2013. For those of you not in the Middle Atlantic area you can simply click on our book cover icon below and order directly from Amazon. Own this and keep it out where people can see it. If you are a serious sailor, designer, or boat wright study it! Get one before the first printing runs out!





AMAZON SAILING BOOKS

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Go To Sailing School!

Offshore Sailing School offers the full range of certificate programs and a variety of non certifiucate programs as well as a sailing club. The school has locations in New York, Maryland's Eastern Shore, Three locations in SW Florida and in Tortola, British Virgin Islands

American Sailing Association Schools: This hyperlink will take you to a listing of sailing schools by state offering American Sailing Association  (ASA) certificate courses. ASA certificates are widely recognized both within the United States and abroad.

U.S.Sailing was founded in 1897 and presently serves about 44,000 members. The U.S. Sailing Certificate training programs , like the ASA system, is widely recognized by sailboat chartering companies. U.S. Sailing associated schools are located in 23 states plus the Bahamas, British and U.S. Virgin Islands, Mexico, and the Netherlands Antilles. Click on the hyperlink to find a school near you.

Live in New York?
Manhattan Sailing School offers a mix of proprietary and ASA certification courses and other sailing services after your completion of the basic sailing course.

ALSO IN NEW YORK: SCHOOL PLUS SAILING CLUB
 New York Sailing Center and Yacht Club
 When we checked the advertising for the New York Sailing Center and Yacht Club we saw listings for both U.S. Sailing and ASA certification courses. Their advertising also indicated that they have an active sailing club, the type that many recreational sailors belong to in lieu
of boat ownership. Of course this is not the only school that offers such a club and one of the advantages of seeking ASA and U.S. Sailing certification courses is opening up the world of chartering as either an extension of your sailing experiences on your own boat or as a primary boat source. We'll explain more about certification courses, chartering, and licensing below.


 A Final Suggestion:
   As mentioned previously American Admiralty Books doesn't recommend, approve, or endorse any of the above described schools or certification programs. We simply encourage formal instruction and third party certification of sailing skills. Our intention in providing hyperlinks to some schools and school finding sites was to give our visitors a sampling of what is out there. We encourage your to widely research any school that or certification program that you may be interested in. Here we provide a hyperlink to a Google.com subject matter search for sailing schools.
GET TRAINED-GO SAILING-Maybe buy a boat!


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NOTES ON CERTIFICATIONS, CLUBS, CHARTERING, AND LICENSING
 There are lots of beginner sailing courses around that feature hands on sail training. Any of these will teach you the basics of handling a small craft under sail. But American Admiralty Books suggests  starting your sailing career with a course offering either an American Sailing Association, or U.S. Sailing basic certificate. We also suggest obtaining at least some advanced certificates over time. These certificates will open future sailing options for you.

  First possession of a basic certificate will make it easier for you to charter (rent) small day sailors in any waterside resort that you may find yourself at in the future. Possession of certain more advanced certificates will allow you to arrange a weekend or week long charter via long distance. Many charter operators will not provide you with a bare boat charter (rental without a hired Captain) unless you have such a certificate. Any agreement made by E-mail, or phone for such a charter to an individual without a certificate will often be contingent to an on board test on your arrival. If your sailing isn't up to the boat providers standard you will have to accept a hired skipper or forfeit your deposit if not the entire charter fee. The hired skippers are not cheap.

 American Admiralty Books isn't in the business of recommending schools or charter organizations or sailing certificate issuing organizations. We do not in any way endorse or recommend anything except books. But we very much encourage as fellow and professional mariners the ideas of starting your sailing career with a formal course, supplementing with advance courses, and seeking some type of third party credentialing of your skills.

 In addition to the U.S. Sailing and American Sailing Association (ASA) hands on courses the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary and U.S. Power Squadrons offer class room only certificate programs in navigation, seamanship, and boating safety that can lower your insurance costs. Additionally these courses often satisfy or are run coincidental with any state boating law administrator required or recommended courses for the operation of pleasure boats generally. Finally the U.S. Coast Guard offers "limited tonnage" (yacht sized) licenses allowing skilled and experienced sailors to take out passengers for hire, teach on board classes, and generally engage in any activity that involves people considered "passengers for hire."

 Holders of these licenses are considered to be in the professional realm of sailing and the license sometimes is considered in lieu of the various sailing certificates for many purposes such as insurance reductions, charter eligibility, etc., but surprisingly not always and far from universally. We have known insurance underwriters who simply could not find a way around a requirement to hold a Coast Guard Auxiliary or Power Squadron certificate of instruction to offer a lower rate. The license simply didn't compute. Some charterers feel that since the license doesn't include a practical skill demonstration as the certificates do that they don't want to accept it alone as a credential for bare boat charters.

 The Coast Guard licenses do require strict documentation of experience and extensive experience requirements. Here again is an advantage of the ASA and U.S. Sailing certifications. The Coast Guard will accept these certificates as evidence of both formal training and give "sea time credit" towards your required experience requirements based on the actual time you spent in the underway/ on board portions of the courses. Along with these training certificates, if you have any interest in a sailing occupational license, we suggest that you keep a sailing log that meets with Coast Guard requirements for documenting on board experience. Such a log should contain the name and official number of every vessel you sail on, the dates and time underway, a description of the boat by length and sail rig, and if federally registered "gross registered tonnage." There should be a signature block for the owner or skipper, or instructor to sign with space below for printing their name. We also suggest checking with the nearest Coast Guard Regional Exam Center or the USCG National Maritime Center for the latest requirements before you construct your service log.

 Sailing is an expensive hobby but it is not just for the rich. The middle class sailor is not confined to tiny dingy sailing either. Thanks to various types of sailing clubs and chartering organizations you don't have to own a real yacht to sail one. And, don't forget traditional yacht club membership. Traditional yacht clubs welcome sailors and often have their own boats in traditional racing classes. These boats are often available at no charge to members for recreational day sailing when not involved in racing or race training. Also if you are interested in sailing as an Olympic sport, the traditional yacht clubs are often the best place to gain race training and experience.

 If sailing is going to be part of your life we highly encourage including regular infusions of formal training spiced with the occasional racing and chartering experience. We also encourage the use of the avenue of formal training as a door opener to the sailing life for the non boat owner. We have owned boats, its a great experience, but it will open your eyes to exactly how much waxing, painting, spring outfitting, and fall lay up maintenance and repair you want to tackle. The experience of owning a boat will make anyone appreciate the comic definition of a boat as "a hole in the water into which you throw money." The growing participation in sailing by the non owner is opening new business opportunities in the recreational boating industry, keeping sailors active between boat ownership experiences, broadening the experiences of all sailors. Don't wait until you've bought a boat to get into sailing, start with training.

  Finally as professional American Merchant Marine Officers let us say a word about sailing and the importance of all forms of recreational boating to the preservation and spread of naval skills. Yachts require naval architects for their design and boatwrights for their construction, these skills are important to the potential sea power of any nation. As we have observed in our Merchant Marine section, the commercial work boat sector of smaller commercial craft may be the protected heart of the American Merchant Marine, but the recreational boating industry and yachting communities are the last refuge of these skills so vital to national defense and security.

 History is ripe with examples of the defense and security utility of small craft and small craft operational skills. Think of the emergency evacuation of Lower Manhattan after the World TradeTowers were struck on September 11, 2001. Think of Dunkirk. In both World War II and Vietnam naval operations included extensive use of small patrol craft needing skilled operators, officers in charge, and commanding officers. Naval and Coast Guard forces in both of these conflicts, which included a national military draft, attracted young men from the yachting community. These recruits and officer candidates brought with them far more skill and experience in the operation of small craft than the armed forces could provide in limited months of training. It wasn't an accident that John F. Kennedy found his way into the Navy's PT boat program. This may be the best known example of the transfer of pertinent recreational boating experience into the naval establishment, but it is far from unique. Small patrol craft and landing craft were built in part by boatwrghts, draftsmen, and designers who cut their occupational teeth in the yachting or recreational boating industries. This is an important reason why we as professional mariners encourage the broadening of the yachting community to include non boat owners. The more consumers of the sailing experience out there, the more boats that are built, even if some are destined for group or club ownership vice individual ownership, the wider operational and navigational skills are spread in the population, and more nautical professionals are gainfully employed against the day when they may be in short supply and vital to our national interests.

Uncle Sam wants you to GO SAILING! 


                            AMAZON SAILING BOOKS

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Sailing for Dummies 
by J.J.Isla
ISBN 10:0471991430   ISBN 13: 978-047179930

 Yes, it does exist! The publishers of so many guides "for the rest of us" have addressed sailing. Frankly it could actually be quite useful, especially for the abject total beginner still trying to decide whether to jump into sailing or not. One thing that we appreciate about the "Dummy Sailing Guide" as professional mariners is that the Guide features prominently a section on how to find and select a sailing school. That's right folks, the producers of guides for "dummies" acknowledge that even they can't teach you to sail using only a book. The guide also introduces the reader to the various types of sail boats and could be a real aid to the undecided in making an intelligent decision on taking up, or not taking up sailing. You don't have to actually be a dummy to benefit from this book, just a real "Landlubber."

                                                    SAILING FOR DUMMIES

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Things I Wish I Knew Before I Started Sailing by John Vigor

ISBN 10- 167409211   ISBN 13- 978-1574092110

Despite the title and the cartoon cover this book has some very useful technical information for the first time sailboat owner. Even if you are a very experienced sailor this book which is very reasonably priced and highly entertaining could be very useful to you if you are not experienced as an owner. If you are an experienced owner, you'll laugh at your former self before you visited the "school of hard knocks."


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FAST TRACK TO SAILING: Learn to Sail in Three Days 
by Steve and Doris Colgate

 The Colgates own and operate a very highly thought of sailing school that really will teach you the basics of sailing in three days flat. The book goes with the course but if you have access to a boat, no prior sailing experience or training you will not safely teach yourself to sail in three days with just this book. Of course if you are trying to learn sailing from a friend with a boat and experience over say the time frame of a summer, the book could be a great aid and future reference. Nice book, but we'd never suggest skipping the school or a school, and if you are going to a different school they will probably have their own book to sell you as part of the course. Some folks do think however, that the writing style of this book is easier to read than the standard work on basic sailing.

FAST TRACK SAILING, LEARN TO SAIL IN THREE DAYS

AMAZON SAILING BOOKS
 

 There are many more basic sailing instructional texts than those we have reviewed to date. We will get to them and publish our evaluations here as construction of the sailing pages continue; but right now we need to move on to other construction chores. The hyperlink will take you to the Amazon search engine for such texts. Right now we want to tell you about some other types of books related to sailing and to dash back to other special pages and catch up some other types of construction work.

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Sailing Alone around the World
 by Joshua Slocum
ISBN 10-1466344474    ISBN 13-978-146634471

American Admiralty Books: Recommended

This is the classic non fiction sailing adventure book that started all of the rest. Continuously in print since 1889. Joshua Slocum was the first of the handful of solo sailboat voyagers who have circled the globe alone. This is the classic high seas adventure with a cast of two, Slocum and the Ocean. Not to give away the ending but Slocum won, but it was a real squeaker and there in is the tale. If you reside in a place that has a real winter and you can't sail this winter, this read will tide you over with a sailing fix till spring. Real sailors read Slocum. "Nuff said".

                  
SAILING ALONE AROUND THE WORLD
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Fifty Places to Sail Before You Die: 
Sailing Experts Share the World's Greatest Destinations 
by Chris Sentella

ISBN 10-1584795670   ISBN 13-978-1584795674

Unfortunately this title is a bit short on photographs and totally lacking in any useful navigational information for sailors who might actually visit these places. The author isn't a sailor though he interviewed some sailing grates to select his places to describe. Basically the author constructs "bucket lists" of various sorts for a living. But since we have to sign off for a while we thought we'd leave our new sailors with some raw material to start their own bucket lists with. Keep dropping in to this part of the site, we'll be back under construction shortly.

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