Monday, April 1, 2019

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NOTICE : 10/9/2018 With Columbus Day just past, check out these two interesting posts of the now much maligned "Admiral of the Ocean Sea:   https://americanadmiraltybooks.blogspot.com/2018/10/columbus-daycolumbus-is-still-worth.html

https://americanadmiraltybooks.blogspot.com/2018/10/why-did-columbus-persist-in-his-belief.html

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THE GREAT NAMAZU AND THE LATE GEN. ROBERT E. LEE CSA

A BOOK REVIEW: THE GREAT NAMAZU ON "THE LOST INDICTMENT OF ROBERT E . LEE"
By John Reeves




THE GREAT NAMAZU AAB'S STAR POLITICAL ANALYST

Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA Photo Library of Congress

 THE LOST INDICTMENT OF ROBERT E. LEE , The Forgotten Case against an American Icon,  by John Reeves . A Review and Response

GREETINGS AMERICAN BIPEDS! 

 As most of you know by now I'm a 3,000 year old retired Japanese "demigod" and long time observer of America, like since way before Columbus stumbled across it. I watched the American very uncivil war as it unfolded, and I witnessed the aftermath. I recently observed that certain historical  revisionist elements have been taking down monuments of various Confederate leaders including the formerly much revered Gen. Robert E.Lee late of the Army of Northern Virginia. In THE LOST INDICTMENT OF ROBERT E. LEE , The Forgotten Case against an American Icon, written by John Reeves and published by Rowman and Littlefield (copyright 2018, ISBN: -1-5381-1039-3); John Reeves reminds us that during the General's life time, especially immediately after the civil war he collected a lot of negative press and had some serious enemies who wanted to see him hanged. So badly did his enemies want to see him hanged they even attempted to pack grand juries and a petite federal jury with like minded folk. Supposedly this track by Mr. Reeves takes on the task of explaining how Lee was transformed in the public mind from monster to paragon of virtue. We observe that recent events seems to have reconverted him back into a monster, this book appears to be an attempt to justify that development. 

 On the dust jacket of Reeve's book we read that :

 " History was kind to to Robert E. Lee. Woodrow Wilson believed General Lee was a "model to men who would be morally great".  Douglas Douthhall Freeman , who won a Pulitzer Prize for his subject as 'one of a small company of great men in whom there is no inconsistency to be explained, no enigma to be solved.'  Winston Churchill called him "one of the noblest Americans who ever lived...."

 The stained glass window dedicated to the General in the National Cathedral was one of the memorials and monuments that was recently removed from public view . The pedestal that bore his image at Lee Circle in New Orleans is now standing without the statute while the Democratic administration of the city tries to decide how else they may affect the area so as to remove all memory of the General. General Lee and all of the leaders of the Confederacy are no longer politically correct objects of any public affection. How did General Lee rise from a public perception as a "monster" to an icon of virtue, and fall again to an officially ( at least by democratic city administrations in the south having public monuments to Confederate leaders) despised "monster'?

 The truth is, as Mr. Reeves points out,  that Robert E. Lee in his life time was lionized by about half of American society and soundly hated by the other half. His rise in public estimation both nationally and abroad to a reputation as a paragon of soldierly virtue came after his death. According to Mr. Reeves and to Democratic politicians such as the former Mayor of New Orleans Mitch Landrieu, who supervised the removal of the Lee and other Confederate monuments from the city scape; the scrubbing of the General's reputation was the work of the Southern Historical Society and especially one of its most prolific writers Gen. Jubal Early, CSA. According to the proponents of the removal of the monuments, and Mr. Reeves, the writers of the Southern Historical Society created the "myth" of the "Lost Cause" which rehabilitated General Lee's reputation with inhabitants of the North, and abroad. This "myth" as the opponents of seeing any of the Confederacy's leaders military or civil as anything other than monsters is based on a consistent body of writing out of the Southern Historical Society in the late 19th and early 20th century that presented some ideas that the politically correct crowd now see as onerous, if not heinous.

   Chief among those supposed "myths" addressed by Mr. Reeves was the idea that the South didn't go to war over slavery but for states rights . All such objectors to the idea that preservation of chattel slavery wasn't the primary goal of the South conveniently ignore that slave states such as Delaware, and Kentucky that weren't also cotton producing states, and didn't succeed from the Union. Why? No where do the proponents of a Southern white wash of history ever want to mention the dispute between Southern planters and Northern textile manufactures over open markets. The North wanted severe export penalties upon Southern exports of cotton to England. England was  willing to pay world prices, while the Northern Textile interests wanted the South to have to sell to them at low prices dictated by the fact that Southern supply outpaced Northern demand resulting in depressed prices. Never will you hear from the proponents of Southerners as monsters the effect that low cotton prices had on perpetrating the slave system in the South. If you are forced to produce at extremely low prices even free laborers will be forced into near starvation wages. 

 This economic dispute, unmentioned in Mr. Reeve;s book,  precedes the states rights issue. When the South could not get any relief from Congress on the tariff issues there was a realization that the cotton producing states (not all of the slave states) faced perennial economic subjugation to the Northern tier of states. Among the possible remedies was succession which now seems far fetched. However, prior to the civil war the U.S Military Academy at West Point, NY taught that states had a right to succeed , the constitution itself being silent on the subject. Most people in the pre-Civil War United States on both sides of the Mason Dixon Line viewed themselves as primarily citizens of their native state and secondarily citizens of the Federated nation called the United States of America. Their history taught them that the States created the Federal Union, so it was logically assumed that the states could dissolve it or individual states with draw. General Lee pointed this out in his own defense when he answered a subpoena from Congress noting that before the start of the war, the constitution was silent on the subject of succession and the right was assumed. He did not incite anyone to succession, it was an official  act of his native state, and place of official residency that he initially opposed but was swept along with it once it was decided. The General also noted that the issue had at the time of his appearance before Congress been decided by force of arms, and the leaders of the South now conceded the point. 

 The General did lament that the decision by force of arms placed the Federal union in the ascendancy over the states and that he regarded this as a danger to freedom. The debate over states rights continues to this day. Why do we have states vice Providences? There is supposed to be a significant level of sovereignty not to be trampled on even in a state that is part of a Federation. But to today's progressive liberals hold such a views to be "racists". To the liberal progressives of today to believe that states have sovereign rights of any sort is speech that is permitted to be suppressed.

 Mr. Reeves correctly points out in his book that many Northerners and also the Tennessee born President Andrew Johnson firmly believed that Jefferson Davis and General Robert E Lee were part of the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln. He also correctly and fairly points out  that they held these views despite a total lack of evidence. General Lee strongly condemned the murder of President Lincoln as a most heinous act as soon as he learned of it, and expressed serious doubt that any Southern leader military or civilian would have condoned it. Mr. Reeves also points out that debate over how to indite Davis and Lee for the Lincoln assignation delayed their progress on attempts to bring them to trial on capital treason. Davis was already in custody and scheduled for trial in Washington DC when preliminary motions and other actions went against the prosecution.

  First it was decided that the military tribunals which hung the Lincoln conspirators and the Commandant of the infamous Confederate POW prison at Andersonville would be the end of military tribunals. Mr. Reeves doesn't mention that such tribunals in the occupied Southern States had hung quite a number of "rebels" some on dubious evidence of actual crimes and some for actions that today we would call "civil disobedience". One such was the trial and execution of an individual in New Orleans who took down the Stars and Stripes from atop the Custom House. At the time New Orleans was occupied by the Union Army but had not surrendered, so this action was an act of symbolic civil disobedience by a citizen of an internationally recognized belligerent. The perpetrator injured no one. Yet he was executed in violation of the international laws of war even as understood in the nineteenth century. Then of course there was the attention that the Federal government was drawing to itself concerning the behavior of its own forces such as the scorched earth policies and the burning of Atlanta. Great Britain had sent military observers into the field with the Confederate Army and they had observed some unflattering behaviors of the Union Army to say the least. While Great Britain didn't join the war on the side of the South, as the Southern leadership had hoped, they did recognize the belligerency of the South. The military tribunals were not endearing the newly restored American nation to the world. There was a court order that Davis and 36 or so Confederate leaders including General Lee should be tried for Treason by a Federal District Court in Virginia where their alleged "crimes" took place . Davis remained in custody. Lee with the help of General Grant successfully maintained that he was a "paroled prisoner of war" and remained free until such time as the war would be officially declared over.  The military occupation of the South made any declaration of "peace" not too palatable to the international community. During the Delay Congress acted with a general amnesty and that killed the indictments of Confederate leaders. General Lee continued as President of a impoverished Virginia College and Davis retired to a home on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Both men lost virtually all of their property and wealth to a combination of the fall of the Confederate monetary and banking system, and Federal property seizures. 

 And so the proponents of hanging General Robert E. Lee lost their opportunity to officially bury him as the "monster" they portrayed him to be. General Early returned from his exile in Canada and began to write. Jefferson Davis wrote his famous "APOLOGIA" and the Southern Historical Society began to publish writings that pointed out the causes of Southern belligerency other than slavery, an issue they clearly avoided. Among the points that the writers of the Southern Historical Society pointed out was the motivation of the Southern enlisted soldiers. Most, according to the society's writers, saw the union forces as invaders of their native lands, and not being slave holders themselves (only a little more than 1% of the Southern white population could afford slaves) did not rally to any banner purporting to defend the "peculiar institution", they were simply defending their homes. The burning of Atlanta, the scortched earth policy of the "march to the sea, and the occupation of New Orleans by General "Spoons" butler would prove their homes needed protection.

 Thus began the era between 1870 and about 1930 that Reeves and former Democratic and leftist mayor of New Orleans Mitch Landrieu refer to as the era of the "Lost Cause Myth".  This is an era that Reeves and Landrieu are quite open about labeling a generator of a "false narrative". Reeves notes near the end of his book his true opinion that the war was fought primarily over slavery and was an evil cause violating the essence of our founding principals. He states that ..."Only by restoring the black experience to the narrative does that become clear to all Americans" This where I loose all respect for him as a historian. 

 By contrast General Jubal Early wrote:
  " Shall we permit the indictment to go forth to the world and to posterity without vindication of our motives and our conduct? Are we willing that our enemies shall be historians of our cause and our struggle? No! A thousand times no!

 My observation is that slavery was actually recognized and addressed in the U.S. constitution as originally written. It was a societal problem that predated the Revolution and a can that the American founding fathers kicked down the road. It eventually bounced up and hit their descendents in the face. Slavery along with the issue of succession and Federal supremacy were dealt with by force of arms. The views of the Southern Historical Society did in fact not incorporate the views of Black America or the abolitionist, but neither did the Society or its various authors seek to suppress those views. The Black and abolitionist views drew much ink both before and after the close of hostilities. While no one defends the leaders of the Confederacy today it is not because they are somehow indefensible, but because it has become politically incorrect to do so. Anyone who dares hold a view separate and distinct from the Progressive liberal narrative espoused by the progressive liberal media is labeled "racists", even on issues that have nothing to do with race. The progressive liberals say that all the Confederate leaders were monsters and that the Southern Historical Society and their writers were myth makers.

 Apply the PC logic for a moment to the liberal progressive demand that the "Era of the Lost Cause" with all of its writings and land marks be erased from history, and that the leaders of the Confederacy be labeled forever "monsters", and that anyone who says other wise is engaged in impermissible speech. Really, if the White Southern version of history is incomplete because it doesn't consider the "black experience", isn't it true that  any version of history, including the black or abolitionist history. that simply dismisses the narrative of the Southern leadership is incomplete. The first rule of reliable historical research and good forensics in any field is that the narratives of all participants must be considered. It has always been true that each side will write their own, but the victors will write the history. That is at least true until events are so distant in the past that they have no emotional hold over the generations reexamining history. 

 Yet the liberal progressives insist that we eliminate what they call the "Lost Cause Era" along with all of its artifacts and writings and adopt the narrative of White Southerners as monsters completely and without question. No one who wants to eliminate any of the voices of the past from any side of a conflict should be able to call themselves a historian.

 What a disservice that has been done by the proponents of the destruction and burial of the "Lost Cause Writings and Artifacts". I know Catholic Christians who love to visit Rome. Terrible things were done to Christians at the Colosseum and elsewhere and by people who still have standing monuments there to their memory erected in their own times. You can't find Catholics advocating for the tearing down of the Colosseum or any surviving imagery of Nero and others despite the pain that these people inflicted and was inflicted in these standing ruins when they were viable structures. Yesterday's monument politically correct or not in some subsequent era have a way of becoming over protracted time, an antiquity. With the American tendency to be tolerant of the demands and destructive actions of the PC forces, American Cities, especially in the South at the moment will never develop antiquities. The archives and artifacts and monuments related to the American Civil War should be preserved for the moment somewhere down the road when the then "present generation" can view them without so much emotional baggage. When it comes to this book, this author, the politicians who take solace in this book as they continue to destroy monuments writings and artifacts in an effort to rewrite history to their preferred narrative , `I say act like a responsible adults. This could have been a very useful book had it not been carefully subjected to spin doctoring. If you' re going to read this book I suggest that you also read Jefferson Davis's APOLOGIA at a minimum. There is a lot of historical value in the body of literature produced by the Southern Historical Society. Yes you will find some bias there, but there is plenty of bias in the opposing views plus a desire to suppress any other views or contradictory information, no matter how accurate.

I'm Namazu and I approved this message

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

THE COST OF OBAMA'S VACATIONS TO THE AMERICAN TAX PAYER

TRUMP MAKES A MAJOR ECONOMY MOVE ON THE WHITE HOUSE BUDGET AND FINDS OBAMA'S HAND WAS STILL IN THE COOKIE JAR


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 AIR FORCE ONE THE ULTIMATE IN EXECUTIVE TRAVEL AND THE OBAMA VACATION MAGIC CARPET

President Trump is constantly looking for ways to economize on the cost of government. Like a frugal executive he often starts his search close to home. Recently he looked at the budget of the Presidential Office. He was suprised to find his predecessors hand still in the cookie jar with about twenty years of vacation funding at tax payer expense. Obama intended to use discretionary funds from the office of Presidential Visits and Vacations  for about $2.1 BILLION in vacation funding. Really! Obama is reported to have lined up funding for foreign trips for he and up to 24 members of his family plus staff and a dog sitter through the year 2036. Not expecting to find anything like this Trump had hired three outside accounting professionals to hunt for savings in the White House operations budgets. One of these outsiders eventually found and handed him the ledger with the $2.1 billion vacation funding through 2036 for Mr. Obama. Trump immediately cancelled his predecessor's plans and recalled all Secret Service agents scheduled to protect the Obamas out side of the United States. You may recall that on recent junkets abroad Mr, Obama said many defammatory remarks about his successor in the White House. Do the tax payers have to pay for this undermining of the elected head of state? 

 Of course nothing in Mr. Trump's order grounds Mr. Obama or restricts his travels in any way, as long as Mr. Obama pays for his travels and not the American Tax payer . Any travel within the United States receives free Secret Service Security. But if he wants to go to Bermuda with 24 of his closest buddies he has to pay the air fare and for private security while abroad. 
The White House sometimes a President  has just got to get away

 Discovery of this little boon doggle isn't Obama's only issue with the office of Presidential Travel and Vacations. He may have to repay the government for all those vacations that weren't official business. Mr. Obama took a lot of vacations. During his eight years in office records appear to indicate that he spent 692 days on vacation or nearly two years of his two terms in office. The bill could come to $214 million. Michelle may also have some payments due to the Office of Discretionaary Gifting Funds. This fund was supposewd to be for gifting visiting dignitaries. There appear to be some questionable purchases. 

 What a contrast. President Obama takes his full salary and apparently skips work for two years on installments, milks the expense funds and then attempts to continue to raid the White House cookie jar until 2036 after leaving the job. President Trump scrimps to reduce the cost to the tax payers of running the Presidency, donates his salary, and he is the one the House wants to impeach. Really people, could the differences berween the present president and any of the Democrats be more clear than this latest incident illustrates. Note you're not seeing any of this in the MSM. But we invite you to check it out for yourself even using such untrusted verification source as the typical Internet "fact checking" on line services. We the people have been had by the Obamas. 

Friday, March 15, 2019

NAVAL SMALLER CRAFT AND CONSTABULARY FORCES




 
Images of small naval craft built by Safe Boat International builders of both commercial work boats and small naval craft. Photos by Safe Boat Intl, DOD, or Paul Carter. To learn more about safe boat naval craft : https://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/the-navys-long-overdue-smart-deadly-patrol-boat-has-a-1631598708. To see more of the maritime images of Paul Carter visit: https://www.google.com/search?q=Paul+Carter+Photographer+boat+and+marine+images&tbm=isch&source=hp&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjuqurB6YTgAhUFI6wKHQwsBK0QsAR6BAgAEAE&biw=1304&bih=697#imgrc=_

https://blog.usni.org/posts/2018/07/05/bring-back-the-patrol-craft

 If the US Navy is to be limited to something on the order of 300 plus capital ships it is never going to be able to sustain all of its global responsibilities under all circumstances. If the US Navy has to  fight its way into a major naval confrontation such as a  Chinese invasion of the Philippines or Vietnam or any combination of nations whose maritime territory they covet in the South China Sea most of those 300 war ships will be required. Yet the US will not be able to abandon its responsibilities in the Mediterranean, the Persian Gulf, the High Artic or anywhere else where we have maritime interests, including our own exclusive economic zone (EEZ)  and territorial sea. In our own EEZ and our insular waters the US Coast Guard constitutes a standing constabulary naval force, but it is not adaquate alone on several fronts. Particularly in the high Arctic where we face many challenges from Russia we are presently operating with two ice breakers , one woefully over aged against a Russian fleet that includes about forty icebreakers.   

The Navy needs more small ships in the mix. Not just for training, but as a significant part of the mission space. The trend has been to focus on versatile ships capable of handling any mission. Versatility is an important asset, but when destroyers are the only tool available for a job, destroyers get sent to do that job. Unfortunately, overkill inevitably brings the challenges of unnecessary wear and tear and it does more harm than good in the long run.

AN OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSEL , A VIRTUAL "BOAT TRUCK "SUITABLE FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF CONFIGURATIONS AS A SMALL WAR SHIP OR MILITARY UTILITY VESSEL. THIS ONE IS BUILT BY SWIFT SHIPS OF MORGAN CITY LOUISIANA  ( SWIFT SHIPS ) . PRESENTLY THESE MAY BE PURCHASED AT SERIOUSLY DEPRESSED PRICES BOTH NEW AND USED DUE TO THE DOWN TURN IN THE US OFFSHORE OIL INDUSTRY AS A RESULT OF NEW AND CHEAPER TO PRODUCE ON SHORE "TIGHT SANDS OIL" IN TEXAS AND THE DAKOTAS.
Where the Problem Begins
Destroyers (DDGs) and cruisers (CGs) need to be forward deployed naval stations (FDNS). Their power projection is essential, and the Navy needs a solid right hook at the ready to knock down anyone who steps out of line. More than a good right hook is needed, however, to win a fight. For example, a jab might not take anyone off their feet, but it has an important role in supporting and setting up the other maneuvers. DDGs serve as versatile craft capable of fulfilling many possible missions, but when DDGs get tasked with escorting oil tankers and hunting down pirate crews, their power is being wasted.
The fleet’s right hook is solid. What it is missing is a good jab.
Veteran sailors will hear all these ideas and likely make the same point—yes, and the Navy has a ship class to fit this idea, littoral combat ships (LCS). Only they do not work.2 It is conceivable that an LCS could fill the role described, however, they have struggled to do so. The current push is to scrap further LCS plans in favor of fast frigates (FFs).3 Currently, the Navy lacks a forward-deployed craft capable of adequately supporting the DDG/CG role in any sufficient capacity.
In the absence of adequate supporting ships, the DDGs have become over tasked and worn down. These additional duties strain the ship and the crew. Destroyers should not be tasked with burial-at-sea detail or escorting oil tankers except in the most critical of matters. When the FDNS depend too much on one type of vessel to handle all missions within that space, there will be tasks for which the craft is over-equipped. Destroyers need more supporting craft to offload missions to with less critical demands that can still operate in a forward-deployed environment or shallow waters. Reconfigured craft of opportunity such as reconfigured and armed offshore supply vessels presently in abundant supply could fill many of these mission requirements. 
The Navy needs a new, revamped class of patrol boat for: 1) better early leadership opportunities for junior officers, 2) reduced fatigue, and 3) cost/benefit analysis. This solution can address several of the problems cited as causal factors in the most recent surface fleet incidents. The Navy lost something important in the shift to bigger and better. It needs a new ship that is the right fit for the job.
Better Training and Better Opportunities for Junior Officers
After last year’s collisions, training been brought up again and again as a causal factor. Sailors continue to discuss whether or not the accidents could have been avoided if people had the proper training or had kept their training up to date. Still, the critical challenge is—as always—having enough trained personnel for the operations involved. Watch sections are built around crew qualifications, and the more training required, the greater the burden placed on the crew. The result will be fewer personnel “qualified” for all duties, and greater fatigue imposed by the intensified watchstanding requirements.
Even so, more training has never been the right answer—more training is how the service took steps toward becoming a checkbox Navy, where every training box is filled in Navy Knowledge Online and sailors only learned how to click through menus more effectively. Proficiency in the most critical responsibilities should be the goal. It is more important to have two proficiently trained sailors at the helm when urgency strikes than a dozen sailors who half paid attention when trying to complete a qualification. If the Navy makes better use of the mission space, then it can start training sailors to become proficient in something rather than trained in everything.
Here is where the mission space issue impacts our training and prevents proficiency from developing.
Every time routine operations are interrupted with special evolutions. Every time a crew has to go out of their way to fulfill some specialized task. Every time a ship is tasked to overly simple duties. Whenever one of these things happens, it places a burden on the crew. There then is less time for maintenance, less time for study, less chance of passing the tests, and less time to schedule the test. Training burdens are inherently time burdens, and taxing the ship by tasking it with lesser duties compounds an already complicated challenge. More time to train seems as if it should help resolve some of the training burdens, but the challenge ultimately becomes how to create the time needed to resolve our training issues.
So how do more ships create better training opportunities? Smaller craft can swap in and out of some future rotation, creating a watchstanding schedule for ships in a particular region not unlike the watchstanding schedule an individual sailor while under way. When smaller ships can alleviate the burden, other ships can focus on their training. In the case of DDGs/CGs, those crews will gain time by not facing more special evolutions or simple duties. Time is a hybrid solution. Time provides the opportunity to train, but simply training is not enough—the training goal should be proficiency rather than just qualification.
Another training issue concerns the opportunities available to junior officers (JOs). If JOs are going to become seasoned senior leaders, there need to be leadership opportunities worked into the training pipeline.4 Not just a relief from collateral duties, but an opportunity to stand on his or her own as a leader. There is no substitute for real leadership experience, and there is no leadership experience like being the most senior officer on board a ship at sea. In addition to assuming significant responsibilities and feeling the full weight of command for the first time, the officer has an opportunity to learn. What areas or experience need the most improvement? What does he or she need to learn before moving to larger vessels? Does the officer have the temperament for these positions, or is the Navy wasting its time training someone without the potential to truly lead?
There are two ways to work this idea into the training pipeline. First, additional ships mean additional opportunities to take command earlier in a career. This approach would mean using the existing system and expanding the number of billets. More leadership opportunities mean more leaders that can be trained simultaneously—in this sense, additional ships would be a means to expand the diameter of our training pipeline and increase the flow. Second, command opportunities could become available to more junior individuals. This approach would mean trying to expedite the elite performers through the training pipeline even faster. Although both approaches are viable, the more reasonable option would be increasing the number of command opportunities available as milestone billets.
Still, expanding the number of opportunities is important for other reasons, most notably in versatility. The surface warfare community is only so large, and milestone billets only become available in so many ways. More opportunities creates a greater scheduling challenge for the detailers, yet sailors can choose whether they will take another key step toward becoming a leader or opt once again for the more comfortable, familiar role on board a similar ship. In so doing, sailors would self-select themselves out of the leadership fast track without sacrificing the capabilities of the fleet.
It should also be noted that command on board a small ship, such as a patrol craft, will be a limited experience. For example, managing and maintaining supply lines is a critical responsibility on board larger vessels, which an aspiring commander will learn during their department head tour. This need will not exist to the same extent on board a patrol boat, and even if it does, the problem will not be nearly as challenging for a crew of 30 as it is for a crew of 300. Even so, this limitation is not necessarily a bad thing. Early command responsibilities should be more limited than senior command responsibilities so sailors have the time and opportunity to develop into mature and capable leaders. Additionally, these command milestones would serve as a demonstration of basic seamanship and potential leadership—things prospective commanding officers should master and display.
There will still be opportunities to learn how to manage a larger crew down the road. In the meanwhile, JOs get the opportunity to test out their leadership abilities, feel the weight of true responsibility for the first time, and understand what critical skills may be missing. At the same time, the Navy mitigates its risk by limiting the size of a first crew and cost of a first ship , and improves its ability to execute the mission by expanding the mission space. One way or another, this experience will happen to a commanding officer. If their first taste of real command occurs on a small vessel in charge of a few dozen crew members , the potential mistakes are much more forgiving than when the ship’s crew is several hundred.
Reducing Fatigue
Fatigue has been cited several times in recent mishaps reports, and for life at sea, fatigue and restricted sleep are as common as saltwater.5 Some military communities already do an incredible job of managing fatigue and limiting the risk to their personnel. Aviation is one area where fatigue management is down to a science. Some suggestions are to start using aviation tactics to alleviate fatigue in surface warfare.
A lateral move in procedures will not work because aircraft can stop moving at the end of the day and ships cannot. Constant motion means constant responsibilities, which means someone must always be watching. This requirement also imposes increased maintenance responsibilities in addition to typical watchstanding burdens.
How does the large vessel versus small craft debate fit into this mix? If it takes one destroyer to successfully patrol a given area, it might take three or four enhanced FFs or patrol boats to fulfill the same immediate power projection requirements—minus certain missile launch or defense capabilities. If the Navy can field a dozen patrol craft to one destroyer, then there is an interesting option to consider. The destroyer must be on the move at all times, but we can swap patrol craft in and out of the rotation. More frequent time in port could reduce the strain on the sailors underway and provide new opportunities to alleviate fatigue. In addition, the destroyer could avoid high traffic areas where possible and send the patrol craft into the mix for physical presence. The Navy can thus maintain the same broad scale projection capabilities and physical presence without sacrificing either. Less high-risk evolutions for the larger craft also provide more manageable risk for the fleet and more time to spend training rather than conducting another high-risk evolution.
If the Navy can replace a constant under way time for destroyers with a rotational patrol craft cycle, imagine the watchstanding versatility. Prolonged fatigue becomes less of an issue if sailors can have a couple of days to recover every week. The fleet becomes more alert and attentive while better able to match vessels to the mission space. The ultimate fatigue-related advantage is then that the service can move from having 300 sailors under way at all times, to 200 Sailors under way and 100 more on the bench ready to rotate. There still will be long days, but five days of long days versus five months of long days puts a different strain on the individual.
Cost/Benefit Analysis
Better optempo is the operational advantage, but there is another advantage to patrol boats and craft of opportunity that we must consider: cost/benefit analysis.. Scrapping one planned destroyer could provide the funding for two dozen patrol boats. Smaller ships also are cheaper to operate—fewer personnel, reduced maintenance costs, less fuel costs. The cost of sending a DDG to handle a mission when a smaller ship would suffice could easily be measured in millions of dollars.
Still, the reduced maintenance window is the notable piece because not only are the maintenance costs cheaper, but the benefit is greater. Less maintenance means less time in the shipyards, which costs the fleet in more ways than dollars. Shipyards are where operational readiness goes to rot. Morale drops and sailors get complacent.
Now take the devil’s advocate point of view. The Navy might not be able to replace one DDG with one patrol craft and maintain the same operational readiness. It may take three or four beefed-up patrol craft to support the fleet in lieu of one destroyer. So, if plans are scrapped for one Zumwalt-class destroyer, the Navy can build 12 PCs—while saving $2.9 billion.6 If the cost is based on an Arleigh-Burke class destroyer, the savings is only $6 million. But, the Navy will have to man these ships, and manning 12 patrol craft will take hundreds of sailors—just as many it would for one destroyer. So, adding up the costs, replacing a single destroyer with a squadron of patrol craft will cost the Navy almost nothing. If anything, the Navy is likely to end up saving money while making better use of the mission space and expanding junior leadership opportunities.
Adding more small ships to the mix is a cost effective solution where the low-end savings estimates still have at least eight or nine zeroes. Better yet, the ships the Navy has can do what they were always meant to do—maintain, train, and equip combat ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas.

Summary and Recommendations
Here are three options for this proposed new class of ship:
  1. Fast frigates. The guided-missile fast frigate (FFG(X)) perhaps is the closest solution to the existing LCS. The idea (or at least one of them) will be to employ more unmanned systems and operate within contested areas to gain weapons and sensors advantages over potential adversaries.7 This new class would help relieve stress on the surface fleet by moving important, high-risk evolutions to a class of ships specifically designed for that role. Unmanned systems could help reduce the crew size and place lesser manning-related burdens on the fleet. Still, until we see designs, the FFG(X) requests resemble a souped-up LCS designed for high optempo.
  2. Enhanced Cyclone-class. The current ship class most resembling what we described here is the Cyclone-class patrol boat. It operates with a crew just under 30, diesel engines, and a range of over 2,000 nautical miles.8 These ships were designed more for mission support of SEAL teams and other special operations, which makes the design slightly different than the needs we outlined here. However, we have also seen the immense value of these ships in the Persian Gulf. Almost all of the Cyclone-class ships we have (numbering just over a dozen in total) have been deployed to great effect in contested waters, and when three-quarters of a ship type is succeeding while deployed at a mission for which it was not primarily intended, you may have stumbled onto a formula worth further investigation.
  3. Not one—but many. Another option is to harken back to the days of World War II and PT-109 where we operated many small ships, which could be used for various purposes. In highly contested waters, this approach would effectively scale down the fight and trade quality for quantity. The overall force effectiveness could remain the same, although this option would signify a fundamental shift in our existing procedures. Specifically, the Navy would need to invest more heavily in floating bases rather than just carrier strike groups.9
The Navy loses something important if it only focuses on bigger and better. There is value in matching the right craft to the mission rather than trying to have one vessel type to fit any mission. Hyperbole aside, the service never got rid of the patrol craft or patrol boats. However, the ones we have are aging, and in the big discussions of new ships like the USS Zumwalt or the FFG(X)s, it becomes easy to forget about the little guys. There are many good reasons for smaller craft, and we need more of them. In terms of rapidly reconfigurable seaworthy craft heavier than the patrol boat, a collection of vetry cheap to obtain off shore oil industry support craft could fill a wide variety of combat missions and handle intra theater sea lift. 

Thursday, March 7, 2019

SORRY YOU MISSED MARDI GRAIS

HAPPY MARDI GRAIS!

  It's Thursday March 7, 2019 the BACCHUS Extravaganza was SUNDAY. Monday was Lundi Grais and Tuesday was Mardi Grais in New Orleans. I have not seen Johnas or the rest of the crew since Friday of last week. This is the longest that they have been missing in action of the four or five Mardi Grais I've been through with them. 
 New Orleans, Sorry about the weather where you are.

Its nearly 5 PM so I can safely assume they won't be coming to work. So even though I'm a giant catfish with little computer experience I've pulled down the Mardi Grais "station ID" as Johnas and crew call it. Oh, yeah its probably just Thursday where you are. It was all supposed to end promptly at midnight Tuesday just past, Mardi Grais day. We know it will probably just be Friday where you are tomorrow but the American Admiralty Books crew is in New Orleans ( They don't do Annapolis or anywhere else north of Baton Rouge in winter) and it's two days past Mardi Grais. Which Basically means that it was  illegal to be serious the past week or more , and virtually required to be drunk. Through out the entire period it is unlikely that anyone will be sober when you need them, and impossible to get any actual work done. The AAB crew would usually all be up by noon on Ash Wednesday, but this was a "cold" Mardi Grais day by New Orleans standards (a high temperature in the low 50s). Such "frigid temperatures" propbably required "extra fortification" with alcohol by the AAB crew to withstand the temperatures during an entire day of parade participation, over eating, drinking to extreme excess, etc. 

 Maybe by Friday we'll be back to normal production assumeing the motly crew survived.  Meanwhile, all of the previous posts since the start of publication are up and running as are all of the special interest sections. So if its just Thursday or Friday where ever you are come on in and enjoy. Thanks for visiting us. We promise to get our motly crew sober and back to work soon.


AAB MARINE ANALYST NAMAZU, THE  LAST FISH LEFT STANDING AT THE NEW ORLEANS MARDI GRAIS
Meanwhile I, the Great Namazu am the only intelligent being connected to the enterprise who is up and sober. 

Feel free to browse.
The whole crew has been completely useless the entire weekend, and will be so apparently into Friday. There is still new stuff to look at. Personally I'm glad its just Thursday or Friday where you are. What if the whole world acted like this?.... Well I do have to admit that seriously drunken naked people have never started a war and seem unlikely to be able to sustain hostilities. But then again they don't get much useful done either. 

ATTENTION VISITORS FROM ANY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION NATIONS.  BELOW IS OUR REQUIRED NOTICE REGARDING THE DREADED COOKIES: 

AMERICAN ADMIRALTY BOOKS PRIVACY POLICIES NOTICE

   "COOKIES NOTICE" : HOW GOOGLE USES DATA:  

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

IT ISN'T EVEN OVER YET BUT THE GREAT CATFISH HAS SOME INTERESTING OBSERVATIONS ABOUT THE COHEN HEARING

THE GREAT NAMAZU, FORMER JAPANESE DEMIGOD AND MARITIME AND POLITICAL COMMENTATOR
Greetings Bi Peds!  Especially You American Bipeds.
I been monitoring the Cohen hearings via the hydrophones all morning. I offer the following observations:

Update February 28, 2017. The hearings continue away from the cameras. It appears all the stuff that could be presented in an incendiary manner was done yesterday. Despite the fact that everything said yesterday was mostly untrue and of virtually no consequence the hearings continue. Such is the way of Marxist political theater. Its all about atmospherics before starting a baseless drive to impeach the President for not being Hillary. Democrats believe that Americans are incapable of critical thinking. They aren't really sure though, so they hedge their bets by "expanding the electorate" to include convicted felons and inmates, and illegal aliens. They already have a bill to eliminate the Electoral College so that the "Deplorables" who are all citizens will have to accept the choices of their "expanded electorates" in California, and New York. Of course that would actually require a Constitutional amendment, which is not likely. Until they get control they will label anyone who is not for inclusion of felons, inmates, interdicts, and resident and illegal aliens on the voter rolls as "Racists" and "Antidemocratic" .  

1. Mr. Cohen ,and his legal counsel managed to withhold from the full committee his written comments until the hearings actually convened. Yet, the Democratic members seemed to know the contents as did the media. The ranking Republican member pointed out to the Committee chairman Rep. Cummings of Maryland (D) that this withholding violated committee rules. The Republican ranking member moved for a delay in the start of the hearing so that the Republican members could review the written statement and documents offered in evidence. The motion was immediately denied and the hearing opened with about a thirty minute lecture from Mr. Cohen on the alleged evils of Donald Trump. This from the only witness, a man already convicted of lying to banks, Federal investigators, and the Congress. 

2. The major networks spent most of the day on the hearing at a  time when the President was out of the country trying to insure the safety of all Americans from nuclear annihilation from North Korea. Conveniently, For the Democrats this denied the President any positive media coverage at a time when his positive activities should have been the focus of media attention.

3. One item the Democrats focused on was the President's discussions with Mr. Cohen about the Wiki Leak release of Hillary Clinton's hidden E-mails. The meeting took place in July of the year referenced. The Democrats visited this meeting again and again describing it in conspiratorial tone as if it involved discussion of secretly and illegally obtained information. In fact the pending release was described in electronic and print media in early June, a month prior. The two were discussing facts already reported to the general public. A Republican described this fact and entered into evidence the relevant media reports. He received about 30 seconds of media coverage. Subsequent Democrats constantly kept coming back to this meeting acting as if the meeting was based on secretly obtained illegal information . 
BIPEDS THIS IS THE SUREST SIGN OF MARXIST STYLE POLITICAL THEATER. AS KARL MARX WOULD ADVISE ; LIE BIG, KEEP REPEATING THE SAME LIE. EVENTUALLY IT WILL BE BELIEVED. 

4. The chief "evidence" offered by Mr. Cohen of Trump's involvement in an alleged series of pay offs of alleged former sexual partners were heavily redacted checks for varying amounts with no "memo" or accompanying correspondence indicating the purpose of the payments. This would not qualify as "evidence" in any court of law. More importantly there is no significance to the alleged affairs as they are not alleged to have occurred while Mr. Trump was in office or even running for office. 

OPINION: The hearing is simply classic Marxist political theater. The committee has no authority to bring criminal charges and received no real evidence of such. The purposes of the theater were:

1. Distract potential positive media attention from the President who was over seas performing his duties, and strike at his reputation while he was distracted and out of town.

2. Develop atmospherics towards public support of an impeachment. What is an "impeachable offense"? Pretty much anything the Congress says it is and that the public might stand for.