|PHOTO CREDIT : US NAVY
THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY'S NAVY BIRTHDAY MESSAGE
THE BIRTHDAY MESSAGES OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS AND THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS
The history of the United States Navy begins with the Continental Navy but is not continuous or uninterrupted . The Continental Navy was established at the beginning of the American Revolution. On October 13, 1775, the Continental Congress authorized the purchase two armed ships to attack British supply ships and keep their supplies from reaching British soldiers ashore in the colonies. A second resolution passed on the same day created a naval committee to oversee the purchase of the ships and write a set of regulations for their management. After the Revolution the Continental Navy would be disbanded. but the idea of a naval committee was not. Shortly after the adoption of the Constitution Congress would fund a small fleet of armed cutters to enforce our customs laws known as the Revenue Marine. The officers would be assigned naval ranks and the entire service was designated as a "Naval Auxiliary" though for a few years the cutters of the Revenue Marine were the only armed public vessels of the United States. Then the U.S. Navy was officially "restarted" by Congress in response to the Barbary Pirates. Many Revenue Marine Officers would join the "New Navy". The Revenue Marine would eventually form the core agency of the founding agencies of the service that would become known as the U,S, Coast Guard.
That little peace of historical trivia explains the definition of the Coast Guard often heard at Cape May Basic Training Center and on the grounds of the Coast Guard Academy: "The U.S. Coast Guard is the hard core nucleolus around which the Navy forms in times of emergency" . For a while that definition was very close to accurate because funding for the Navy waxed and wained between conflicts . The "Barbary Pirates" as the Maritime Islamic Jihadists of their day were called literally spawned the other service in the former "Department of the Navy" ( now Department of the Navy and Marine Corps ) the Marine Corps. It has only been in years since WWII that Congress has steadily supported a large standing Navy and Marine Corps. Thanks to a never ending series of serious maritime threats, especially to our sea lines of communication . The Navy , Marine Corps and Coast Guard have all evolved into free standing and permanent organizations. In time of war all three services come under the direct command of the Chief of Naval Operations. Happy Birthday U.S. Navy !
Monday, October 14, 2019
THE US NAVY TURNED 244 YEARS OLD ON SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13th 2019
The United States Navy is celebrated its 244th birthday on October 13, 2019. The Navy was Founded on Oct. 13, 1775.