Saturday, February 29, 2020
How an obscure Texan changed WWII and subsequent History
Back during WWII German, British, and American fighter aircraft were about on equal technological terms. A shift in aviation fuel usage changed the equation. While the British and Americans still used the same aircraft they gained a significant performance advantage over the German Luftwaffe by changing fuels. This is the story of 87 Octane fuel vs 100-130 Octane Aviation Fuel during WWII. The information behind this story comes from The British Society of Chemists and despite the age of the facts the details were classified until 2014. We are once again grateful to Capt. William Horn USN (ret) for drawing our attention to this story.
Apparently until 2014 the British Society of Chemists were puzzled by the German's continued use of 87 Octane aviation fuel after the British and Americans had switched to 100-140 octane with vastly improved performance. The German and British aircraft both used 87 Octane Gasoline in the first twenty four months of the war. The 87 octane fuel seemed to work for the German Daimler-Benz V-12 engine, The same fuel was at best marginal in the British Rolls-Royce Merlin XX engine. In the British aircraft the fuel created such troublesome issues as sticky valves and generated the need for frequent engine repairs. Then American aircraft began to enter British service in considerable numbers. The US aircraft did even more poorly than the British on 87 octane fuel. Something had to be done. Once again enter the Texans! This wasn't their first rodeo in the British war fueling game (See :THE SECRET OF SHERWOOD FOREST: HOW A BUNCH OF TEXANS AND OKIES BROUGHT MUCH NEEDED PETROLEUM TO WAR TORN ENGLAND IN WWII BY WAY OF SHERWOOD FOREST. )
Those of us who work on the US Gulf Coast occasionally pass a unique but aging white building a few miles west of Beaumont. The building is the old Sun Oil Refinery on Highway 90. This building should be on the National Register of Historic Places and there should be a monument out front to a guy you've never heard of; Tim Palucka, a chemist for Sun Oil in their South East Texas Refinery. He utilized a French system that mostly existed in technical writing to create an entirely new fuel technology. France was under the Nazi jack boot at the time, but fortunately for the war effort, the Nazis were more interested in looting France's art treasures than examining their technical literature.
Palucka started with a French formula for enhancing the octane of Gasoline, and then invented the the "Cracking Tower" so familiar to us in modern refineries and with the Cracking Tower produced 100 octane aviation Gasoline. Our aviators were ecstatic the Germans puzzled. Our spitfires fueled with 100 Octane gasoline were 34 miles per hour faster at 10,000 feet. The need to replace engines was cut in half.
The American Allison engines improved greatly with 100 Octane gasoline, but performance went through the roof when 130 octane gasoline came on line in 1944. The 130 Octane also improved the performance of our Radial Engine Bombers. The Axis Powers never caught on to the fact that we had re-invented gasoline. We wisely didn't share the news with the Russians. The old refinery should become at some point a WWII museum and Palucka deserves a monument. Once again the Texans showed the world how you can make things happen if you don't care who gets the credit. Now Tim Palucka is a name you should not forget.
Friday, February 28, 2020
YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT YOU'LL CATCH !
The US Navy Now In Possession Of A New Kind of Iranian Missile
The Crews of the USS NORMANDY and USS FOREST SHERMAN APPARENTLY weren't after missiles when they gave chase and ultimately boarded an Iranian vessel suspected of violating embargoes of certain cargoes to Yemen,. Photo by U.S. Navy/Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Michael H. Lehman) 19 Feb 2020
Thanks to Capt. William Horn, USN (Ret.) for alerting us to this story skipped over by the mass media but making headlines on publicly available military publications
Friday, February 14, 2020
THE UNDER WATER UNMANNED VEHICLES ARE COMING.
INCREASED NAVY DEMAND FOR UUVs PROVIDES HUNTING INGALLS AND SMALLER GULF COAST YARDS WITH NEW OPPORTUNITIES
(U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Blake Midnight/Released)
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
REINTRODUCTION TO THE M/V VETERAN;
We have reviewed the M/V VETERAN and Capt. Mike in these pages before and suggested they are a must experience if you are visiting the Chesapeake Bay area . We revisit them now in order to bring you more contact information and some idea about pricing. I have served in the Merchant Marine for decades and while service has included many large industrial vessels I did spend three years in the excursion boat trade for two different owners, and one year in the Charter yacht business. I'm a sophisticated and informed consumer of such services and former long term resident of the Annapolis, MD area .I don't hesitate to recommend the services of the Golden Age Charters. Here is a link to the M/V Veteran's first appearance in our pages. https://americanadmiraltybooks.blogspot.com/2017/12/when-in-cheasapeake-bay-area-or-via.html
While we repeat this information from an advertisement, It is not for us an advertisement but an endorsement. We do not accept advertisements at the present time from anyone but actual fellows of our sister company Helios Ruehls, Inc and these are clearly marked :"Advertisements". We do not sell anything in our blog. We do not receive sales commissions of any kind. We certainly don't collect sales taxes for any state. However we do link visitors often to vendors who are providing books or services that we recommend and might other wise be a bit difficult to find.. Anything our visitors purchase through such vendor links is strictly between our visitors and the vendor including all manner of Internet Sales Tax. The region around Annapolis is full of authentic maritime experiences of historic value and some cheesy services that might entertain children but not inform them. THE VETERAN is for all ages expect to disembark entertained and informed.
Johnas Prybster , Editor
Offering year round Sunrise / Sunset Cruises, On Board Dining, Holiday Outings, Event Hosting, Weddings, Sightseeing, Head Rate Outings and much, much more
aboard the historic Buyboat M/V Veteran with Captain Sheffield. Whether it is just you or you and a group looking for a Chesapeake Bay experience you will treasure forever, contact us today!
⚓ ADULTS: $20 ⚓ CHILDREN: $15 ⚓
Cruises depart from the Urbanna Town Marina and include water, sodas & a photo package!
(442) Bay-4-You Call, text, PM or email to reserve your spot! (442) Bay-4-You
CUSTOM CRUISES START AT $120 FOR A 1 HOUR CRUISE!
Cruises are for up to 6 people & include non-alcoholic beverages & a photo package!
We make your Bay-dreams come true!
(442) Bay - 4 - You firstname.lastname@example.org
My name is Michael Sheffield, USCG licensed captain of the Chesapeake Bay Buyboat Veteran out of Urbanna, Virginia. Veteran was originally named Elsie Louise and hauled freight and dredged oysters for over 65 years.
She was then converted to a menhaden snapper rig in the 1980s and rechristened Georgeanna. Her menhaden career lasted until 2002 when she began a brief career in towing and salvage work. In 2007 she retired and was reshaped into a luxury cruiser and rechristened Veteran, the name she bears today. Through four careers and three deck designs she has kept her hull lines and her spirit intact and today carries on in the indomitable tradition of the adaptable and capable Chesapeake Bay Buyboat.
Want to read more about the life and times of Veteran? Click HERE to read the article in the Southside Sentinel. It is a well written read by Larry Chowning.
We look forward to sharing our love of the history of our region and the wonders of life on the water with you and yours today!
Contact us today for charters, fundraising opportunities, appearances or to find out more about Veteran!
phone: (442) Bay-4-You
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